Well known as an admirer of Charles Darwin, Richard Dawkins is also keen to see Wallace recognised for his contributions to evolutionary science. “Alfred Wallace's discovery of natural selection was as great an achievement as Darwin's, because he had no way of knowing that Darwin had already thought of it. He should be celebrated for that, but also for his major contributions to biogeography ("Wallace's Line"), and also for his personal modesty. His deference to Darwin was partly responsible for his lack of public recognition, and I am delighted to participate in this event, which is designed to do him honour, long overdue.”
Professor Dawkins will share the stage with marine ecologist Dr Jon Copley, author and professor emeritus professor of Homerton College, Cambridge Dr Peter Raby, and human evolutionary biologist Dr Mark Thomas. Also joining them will be CEO of the British Humanist Association Andrew Copson, musician Jonny Berliner, and Wallace enthusiasts Theatr na nÓg fresh from their appearance at Edinburgh Festival Fringe.
Tickets for this one-off event are available but selling fast; please visit http://www.entangled-bank.co.uk/dawkins-in-bristol.html to buy yours now.
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This event forms part of The Ancestor’s Trail, which celebrates our place in the natural world and will continue all weekend in Somerset. For further details please see http://ancestorstrail.net/.
Richard Dawkins in Bristol to honour Wallace
You’re coming to Bristol in August for the ‘Wallace in Bristol’ event which is, in turn, part of The Ancestor’s Trail. What will you be doing at this event and what else will be happening on the day? I’ll be one of a number of speakers honouring Wallace, the “other Darwin”. The event is in aid of a good cause, raising a statue of Wallace to join Darwin’s in the Natural History Museum. My talk is called ‘Give the under surface to Mr Wallace, but yield the upper surface to Mr Darwin.’ Enigmatic, yes, intentionally so with a meaning both literal and metaphoric. All will become clear, and I shall leave plenty of time to answer questions at the end.
‘Wallace in Bristol’ is in honour of Alfred Russel Wallace: how important was his work to the study of evolution? Natural selection is a remarkably simple yet powerful idea, and it is astonishing that it had to wait till the mid nineteenth century before anyone thought of it. And then two English naturalists thought of it at almost the same time. Charles Darwin is well known. Alfred Wallace is often forgotten, but he really did have the same idea as Darwin, at almost the same time, and he expressed it in almost exactly the same terms. Indeed, in some ways Wallace’s way of putting it was even clearer – dare I say even more Darwinian (and, by the way, Wallace coined the word “Darwinism”) than Darwin’s own.
The Ancestors’ Trail is inspired by your book ‘The Ancestor’s Tale’ in which you relate the history of evolution using reverse chronology. Why did you choose to adopt that particular strategy? Forward chronology has a pernicious weakness. It can suggest, if we are not very careful, that evolution is “aiming” at some distant future target. It becomes even more pernicious if that distant target is considered to be humanity. Since we are human, it is entirely pardonable to be especially interested in our own ancestry. I wanted to pander to this, but at the same time the last thing I wanted was to suggest that evolution was aiming towards us, or that we are “evolution’s last word” etc. When you put it like that, a solution leaps to mind. Tell the story of evolution backwards. Begin with humans and work backwards to the origin of life. We could begin with anything, hornet, hippopotamus or hummingbird and work backwards. The end point would be the same in all cases: the origin of life. That is the beauty of working backwards, and that very fact tells us something important about evolution.