According to the biblical stories of Abraham, Joseph and Jacob, camels are mentioned as pack animals in the The Old Testament stories placed in the time periods between 2000 and 1500 BC. But in the new finding, Dr. Erez Ben-Yosef and Dr. Lidar Sapir-Hen of Tel Aviv University's Department of Archaeology and Near Eastern Cultures, claim that camels were not domesticated until hundreds of years after what is mentioned in the Bible, thus challenging the accuracy of the Bible and also revealing that it was written long after the event it describes.
Using radiocarbon dating on camel bone, the archaeologists have mentioned the precise date when the domesticated camels arrived in southern Levant. It is the 9th century and not the 12th as mentioned previously. This defines the turning point in Israel's involvement with the world.
"The introduction of the camel to our region was a very important economic and social development," said Dr. Ben-Yosef. "By analyzing archaeological evidence from the copper production sites of the Aravah Valley, we were able to estimate the date of this event in terms of decades rather than centuries."
The archeologists found that the camels were domesticated in the Arabian Peninsula. The ancient camel bones are from Aravah Valley that was an ancient center of copper production.
During an excavation program conducted in 2009, the domesticated camel bones were from the 11th-9th century B.C., later than the kingdom of David. The other camel bones found in previous archeological layers are believed to belong to the wild camels, which existed during the Neolithic era.