Franklin was born in Notting Hill, London on 25 July 1920.
The second "o" in the doodle contains her image, while the "l" has been replaced with the DNA double helix.
Franklin also made critical contributions to our understanding of the molecular structures of RNA, viruses, coal and graphite.
She died from ovarian cancer in April 1958, aged just 37.
The scientist has perhaps become best known as "the woman who was not awarded the Nobel prize for the co-discovery of the structure of DNA".