Research shows babies have a moral compass: Children want to see wrongdoing punished at 8 months old


The comedian Louis CK has a routine in which he talks about his daughter’s understanding of fairness. He begins, “My 5-year-old, the other day, one of her toys broke, and she demanded that I break her sister's toy to make it fair.” This would make the sisters equal but the joke here is that something here doesn’t feel right: “And I did. I was like crying. And I look at her. She’s got this creepy smile on her face.”

Other intuitions about fairness are simpler. Imagine you have two toys and two children, and you give both toys to one child. If the other child is old enough to speak, she will object. She might say “That’s not fair!” and she’d be correct. An even split would maximize the overall happiness of the children—give each child one toy and they’re both happy; divide them unevenly, and the child who gets nothing is miserable, her sadness outweighing the extra pleasure of the child who gets two. More to the point, it’s just wrong to establish an inequity when you don’t have to.

But fairness is more than deciding the best way to distribute the positive. We also have to determine how to allocate the negative.

Revenge—the personal form of punishment, directed against those who have wronged us personally or who have harmed  our  family or friends—has certain distinctive features. Adam Smith describes our feelings toward a man who has murdered someone we love: “Resentment would prompt us to desire, not only that he should be punished, but that he should be punished by our means, and upon account of that particular injury which he had done to us. Resentment cannot be fully gratified, unless the offender is not only made to grieve in his turn, but to grieve for that particular wrong which we have suffered from him.”

Written By: Paul Bloom
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  1. “Research shows babies have a moral compass:”. Well I never! Who hadn’t noticed that?

  2. In reply to #1 by Stafford Gordon:

    “Research shows babies have a moral compass:”. Well I never! Who hadn’t noticed that?

    Somebody still has to conduct the scientific research in order to determine whether it is actually true or not.

    Previously everyone also “had noticed” that the Sun orbits the Earth, but that turned out to be erroneous, too. Thanks to scientific research.

    PS. Apologies for any grammatical errors, it’s just my second language.

  3. Judgemental and bigoted little shits, but like other small wild mammals they are kind of cute too.

    A lot like the religious really, except they’re not nearly as cute…

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