By Daniel Cox, Ph.D., and Robert P. Jones, Ph.D.
A majority (53%) of Americans oppose allowing businesses that provide wedding services, such as catering, flowers, and wedding cakes, to refuse services to same-sex couples, compared to about four in ten (41%) who say they would support allowing these wedding-based businesses to refuse services to same-sex couples for religious reasons.
Opinion is fractured along racial and ethnic lines. More than six in ten black (61%) and Hispanic Americans (68%) say wedding-based businesses should be required to provide services to same-sex couples. White Americans are divided: 48% agree that businesses ought to be required to serve same-sex couples, while 47% say they should not. Notably, there are no major differences among white Americans by education.
Two-thirds (67%) of Republicans believe wedding-based businesses, like those making wedding cakes, should be able to refuse serving same-sex couples if doing so would violate the owner’s religious beliefs. By contrast, only 40% of independents and about one in four (24%) Democrats hold this view. More than seven in ten (72%) Democrats and a majority (55%) of independents say wedding-based businesses should be required to provide the same services to same-sex couples as they would to all other customers.
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